First and foremost before you undergo tooth extraction:
1. NEVER DRINK ANY PAIN RELIEVERS i.e., ibuprophen, paracetamol, mefenamic acid, acetaminophen.
2. REVEAL TO YOUR DENTIST any medical conditon so special procedure may be arranged such as, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, arthritis. and special anesthetic solution may be used to prevent complications.
3. BRING RADIOGRAPHS requested by your dentist.
4. Acquire the necessary medical clearance.
5. NEVER DRINK ANY ALCOHOIC BEVERAGE as this may interfere with the effeciency of the anesthetic solution.
6. Reveal to your dentist if you have any medications being taken to prevent adverse reactions with medications to be used by your dentist
WHAT TO EXPECT AFTER EXTRACTION:
1. Swelling may reach it's maximum up to 48hrs and may last for 3-5days.
2. Slight bruising of the gums and other soft tissue is expected.
3. Slight bleeding may be experienced for several hours which can be controlled by biting on a gauze.
4. Some discomfort may be experienced but is controlled by pain relievers as prescribed by your dentist.
WHAT TO AVOID AFTER EXTRACTION:
1. Avoid rubbing the area with your tongue.
2. Avoid sucking or drinkingthrough a straw as this may dislodge the blood clot.
3. Avoid smoking.
4. Avoid eating hot food for it may promote bleeding and spicy foods.
5. Avoid foods that requires excessive chewing.
6. Avoid strenous activity such as; running, sports and even sex.
7. Avoid spitting.
8. Avoid brushing teeth on the area of extractionfor at least 12 hours.
9. Avoid rinsing or gargling vigorously.
10. Avoid carrying heavy thing or your child.
WHAT TO DO AFTER EXTRACTION:
1. Bite on a pack of gauze for at least 30mins to control bleeding. then remove gently.
2. Be on a cold, soft diet for the next 3-5days
3. Apply cold compress on the area 3-5 hours after surgery for 20mins within 24 hours to lessen the swelling.
4. Drink plenty of water and juices.
5. Get enough rest at least 8-10hours.
6. Keep your head elevated with at least 2 pile of pillows.
7. For stitches, your dentist will give you instructions as to when to come back.
1. Drink pain relievers almost always with a full stomach and with a glass of water as needed ONLY for pain.
2. Drink prescribed antibiotics according to the number of times per day, number of hours interval and number of days.
It is important to complete the antibiotic therapy to avoid the development of resistance of the infection or further infections.
VISIT YOUR DENTIST OR GO TO A HOSPITAL EMERGENCY ROOM IF:
1. Pain can not be controlled by the pain relievers.
2. Swelling progresses after 3 days.
3. Bleeding can not be controlled by biting on a gauze.
4. You have a fever.