Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Walk in Astana - The capital of Kazakhstan

 Astana, formerly known as Akmola until 1998, Tselinograd until 1992 and Akmolinsk until 1961, has been the capital of Kazakhstan since 1997, and is the country's second largest city (after Almaty, the former capital) with an officially estimated population of 775,800 as of 21 June 2012.[3] It is located in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within Akmola Province, though administrated separately from the province as a federal city area.  The current mayor of Astana is Imangali Tasmagambetov. He was appointed on 4 April 2008.
Water-green boulevard.
 After gaining capital status and the organization of a special economic zone "Astana - New City", which is experiencing an unprecedented boom for the CIS city became the second largest in the country and it sold a lot of modern architectural and urban projects.
History — Russian and Soviet eras

A unit of Siberian Cossacks from Omsk founded a huge fortress on the upper Ishim in 1824, which later became the town of "Akmolinsk". During the early 20th century, the town became a major railway junction, causing a major economic boom that lasted until the Russian Civil War.

In the Stalinist era, Kazakhstan hosted a series of Gulag-like labour camps; in total, 11 camps that housed up to hundreds of thousands of internees and their families. Outside Astana, there once stood the ALZHIR camp, a Russian acronym for the Akmolinskii Camp for Wives of Traitors of the Motherland, one of the most notorious in the Gulag archipelago, which was reserved for the spouses of those considered "enemies of the people" by the government under Joseph Stalin.[6]

In 1961, it was renamed "Tselinograd" ("Virgin Lands City"[7]) and made capital of the Soviet Virgin Lands Territory (Tselinny Krai). The city was at the centre of the Virgin Lands Campaign led by Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950s, in order to turn the state into a second grain producer for the Soviet Union. The high portion of Russian immigrants in this area, which later led to ethnic tension,[citation needed] can be traced to the influx of agricultural workers at this time. Additionally, many Russian-Germans were resettled here after being deported under Joseph Stalin at the beginning of World War II, when Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
 The population increased from 270 thousand in 1996 to 700 thousand in 2011. However, while I was walking through the main streets in the fresh frosty morning, the streets was not a single person.
 On the streets clean and tidy. Everywhere there are beautiful and neat lampposts.
 I'm not an architect, so I will describe only the sensations. In Astana, the interesting buildings are beautiful, but they are few. For example, this apartment complex "The Water-Green Boulevard." In The bulk of all buildings of Astana - is tasteless box. Just like we have in Russia. These I tried not to take pictures.
 View of the Round Square and the National Oil Company "KazMunaiGas".

Proved reserves of oil in Kazakhstan according to BP is 3.2% of world reserves. By 2015 it is planned to increase production to 150 million tons per year, resulting in Kazakhstan will be one of the ten largest oil-producing countries. The main source of budget revenues is the export of oil and oil products. Transit of Kazakh oil exports is mainly via Russia.

Monument "Baiterek". Author of the project - the famous English architect Norman Foster. The height of the building is 97 meters, with the ball, the crowning design - 105 meters.
 In addition to geographical reasons for the delay in the press and analysts, there were other, ethno-demographic reasons the capital transfer, which are rarely voiced by the authorities of the republic itself.

In the early 1990s, proclaimed the sovereignty of the republic actively emigrated and another Russian-speaking population. Emigration took off part of the growing inter-ethnic tensions in the Kazakh society, but the risk of secession predominantly Russian-speaking North-Eastern Kazakhstan maintained. In this case, the rural Kazakh population, as well as its migration mobility within the country, continued to grow, despite the fact that the Alma-Ata was already physically unable to accommodate all internal migrants. In these circumstances, the authorities sought to redirect flows of Kazakh villagers to the city with greater growth prospects, and quickly derusifitsirovat predominantly Russian-speaking northern region.

 Residential complex "Northern Lights" won the International Association of the Union of Architects.

 "Emerald quarter."

 Administrative and technological complex "Transport Tower." Skyscrapers in Astana bit and they are concentrated in one place. As Moscow-City. Only building in Kazakhstan is much faster.

 Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center

Khan Shatyr ("Royal Marquee") is a giant transparent tent in Astana, the capital city of Kazakhstan. The architectural project was unveiled by the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev on December 9, 2006. The 150m-high (500 ft) tent has a 200m elliptical base covering 140,000 square metres (14 ha; 35 acres).[1] Underneath the tent, an area larger than 10 football stadiums, is an urban-scale internal park, shopping and entertainment venue with squares and cobbled streets, a boating river, shopping centre, minigolf and indoor beach resort. The roof is constructed from ETFE-cushions provided by Vector Foiltec suspended on a network of cables strung from a central spire. The transparent material allows sunlight through which, in conjunction with air heating and cooling systems, is designed to maintain an internal temperature between 15–30 °C (59–86 °F) in the main space and 19–24 °C (66–75 °F) in the retail units, while outside the temperature varies between -35 and 35 °C (-31 and 95 °F) across the year.

Following the construction of the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation (opened in 2006), a giant glass pyramid, the Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center was the second national project in Astana designed by UK architect Norman Foster (of Foster and Partners), (Partners in Charge Filo Russo and Peter Ridley), and UK engineers Buro Happold led by Mike Cook.[2] Construction documentation architects were Linea and Gultekin.[1] The construction of the tent-city was the responsibility of the Turkish company Sembol.

 The atrium of the hotel "Duman".

 Local "Triumph Palace". Very similar to that of Moscow. Even called similar - "Triumph of Astana".

 Most M-3 through the Ishim.
 Ak-Orda. White House, the residence of El-Bass. Here's a she, winter Astana.

via -- link

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Bible Events Seen From Google Earth

 Ever wondered how some of the Bible stories you learned in Sunday School would look like from a satellite view? TheGlue Society has re-created scenes from the Bible as if captured by Google Earth’s satellites and they are truly stunning. The Glue Society is a creative collective based in Sydney and New York comprising of writers, designers, art directors and film directors.

“We like to disorientate audiences a little with all our work. And with this piece we felt technology now allows events which may or may not have happened to be visualized and made to appear dramatically real. As a method of representation satellite photography is so trusted, it has been interesting to mess with that trust.” James Dive – Glue Society’s 

The images known collectively as God’s Eye View, were commissioned by Eric Romano of NY’s Pulse Art for their Miami art fair, and use real satellite imagery to achieve the incredible effect. Let’s see what they created!  

The Red Sea parts before Moses
 Noah's Ark
 God sees Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden

The name of the collection “God’s Eye View” coincides with Isaiah 40:22

   “He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers…”

But God is actually closer to us than a Google Earth view, as explained in Luke 12:7

    “But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows.”

God’s care extends to every hair in the sense that He knows us intimately, He created us and cares about every detail of our lives. The fact that He knows the number of hairs on our heads shows that we are extremely valuable to Him. The God of the universe and creator of all things puts more value on you than the whole world and the most important thing we can do with the life He has given to us is to give it back to Him.

    “For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?” Mark 8:36

God is completely in control over everything and nothing we can do can stop Him from loving us. Which other Biblical event would you like to see portrayed this way? Share you thoughts in the comment area below.

via: link

Monday, January 21, 2013

20 Facts about Digestion

image from google

1. Your digestive tract is a 9-foot pipe, which begins in the mouth and ends at the anus.

2. In the small intestine as folds down to the microscopic, the total area of ??the surface of 250 square meters. This is enough to cover a tennis court.

3. Digestion begins before you've eaten something. The sight and smell of food triggers the production of saliva and digestive juices. As soon as the first piece of gets you in the mouth, all the digestive system are beginning to work.

4. The Roman physician Galen believed stomach animate being within us, which is "able to feel the emptiness that drives us to look for food."

5. We need about 72 hours to digest dinner. First digested carbohydrates, such as different cakes and pastries. Then the turn dry overcooked protein (grilled chicken), and will take the longest fats, including sauces and whipped cream cake.

6. The average person eats about 500 kg of food per year.

7. Roth has a neutralizing function. He either cools or heats the food to a temperature that is acceptable to the rest of the digestive tract.

8. Every day we produce about 1.7 liters of saliva. Saliva regulated autonomic nervous system, which means that the process is automatic. That's why we saliva is produced with only one form, smell or thought of food.

9. The muscles of the digestive organs are reduced wave motion a process called peristalsis. It is this food into the stomach of man, even if he is standing on his head.

10. In the huge capacity of the stomach. The average adult stomach can handle about 1 liter of food.

11. To digest food also needs calories, which is between 5 and 15 percent of our energy consumption. Most of the energy required for the digestion of proteins, and alcohol.

12. Pikatsizm or pica - a violation of the power, in which a person develops the need to have a non-edible items such as paint, chalk and dirt. It appears in 30 percent of children, and the reason it is not known. There are suggestions that all guilty of some mineral deficiency.

13. The main digestive juice - hydrochloric acid, which can dissolve the metal, but plastic toys, pencils, hair coming out at the other end of the digestive tract virtually unchanged.

14. What will happen if swallowed gum? There is a myth that gum stays in the stomach seven years before it can be digested. This is not true. Our body does not digest gum, but it will come out with a chair relatively unchanged. In very rare cases, a large amount of gum and constipation can lead to blockage of the intestine.

15. Most of the hormone serotonin - the main hormone mood - is not in the head, in the stomach.

16. Pancreatitis your body begins to literally eat you up inside. Pain that arises here is the fact that the enzymes digesting fat leaking from pancreatic duct to other tissues, which actually eats you.

17. Water, enzymes, basic salts, mucus and bile produce about 7.5 liters of fluid, which gets us into the colon. Only about 6 tablespoons of this mixture all comes out.

18. The liver is the laboratory of the body. It performs over 500 different functions, including the storage of nutrients, filtering and processing of chemicals in food, the production of bile and many others.

19. The loudest burp, which was recorded, was 107.1 decibels, which is comparable to the volume of chainsaw. Its owner was a Briton Paul Hahn who demonstrated their skills on television.

20. Flatulence or intestinal gas is a mixture of swallowed air, the gas produced by the reaction in the stomach and the gas generated by bacteria in the digestive tract. This mixture is composed of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane.

Thursday, January 17, 2013

Air Purifying House Plant

These plants are especially good at being “air filters” which is great for someone with asthma, allergies, or just likes the idea...
1. Bamboo Palm: removes formaldahyde and is also said to act as a natural 

2. Snake Plant: Found to absorb nitrogen oxides and formaldahyde.

3. Areca Palm: One of the best air purifying plants for general air cleanliness.

4. Spider Plant: Great indoor plant for removing carbon monoxide and other toxins or 
impurities. Spider plants are one of three plants NASA deems best at removing 
formaldahyde from the air.

5. Peace Lily: Peace lilies could be called the “clean-all.” They’re often placed in bathrooms or laundry rooms because they’re known for removing mold spores. 
Also known to remove formaldahyde and trichloroethylene.

6. Gerbera Daisy: Not only do these gorgeous flowers remove benzene from the air, 
they’re known to improve sleep by absorbing carbon dioxide and giving off more 
oxygen over night. 

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Beachy Head — Suicide Rock

 Beachy Head is a chalk headland in Southern England, close to the town of Eastbourne in the county of East Sussex, immediately east of the Seven Sisters. Beachy Head is located within the administrative area of the Eastbourne Borough Council which owns the land. The cliff there is the highest chalk sea cliff in Britain, rising to 162 m (530 ft) above sea level. The peak allows views of the south east coast from Dungeness to the east, to Selsey Bill in the west. Its height has also made it one of the most notorious suicide spots in the world. 

 Waves gradually erode the rock, which is why there are small avalanches of stones. Large landslides are less common. The last major cliff collapse occurred in 2001, due to strong spring rains.
 Suicide spot

There are an estimated 20 deaths a year at Beachy Head. The Beachy Head Chaplaincy Team conducts regular day and evening patrols of the area in attempts to locate and stop potential jumpers. Workers at the pub and taxi drivers are also on the look-out for potential victims, and there are posted signs with the telephone number of Samaritans urging potential jumpers to call them. Deaths at the site are well-covered by the media; Ross Hardy, the founder of the chaplaincy team, said this encouraged people to come and jump off. Worldwide, the landmark’s suicide rate is surpassed only by the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and the Aokigahara Woods in Japan, according to Thomas Meaney of The Wall Street Journal.

After a steady increase in deaths between 2002 and 2005, in 2006 there were only seven fatalities, a marked decrease. The Maritime and Coastguard Agency (whose Coastguard Rescue Teams are responsible for the rescue of injured jumpers and the recovery of the deceased) attributed the reduction to the work of the Chaplaincy Team and good coverage of services by local media. In 2008 at least 26 people died at the site.Between 1965 and 1979, there were 124 deaths at the location. Of these, S J Surtees wrote that 115 were "almost certainly" suicides (although a coroner's verdict of suicide was recorded in only 58), and that 61 percent of the victims were from outside East Sussex. The earliest reports of deaths come from the 7th century. wiki

Beachy Head suicide phone booth